By Simon Dunstan
The successor to the Chieftain from the 1960's, paintings begun in 1976 on improvement of a brand new MBT particularly for the Iranian military, who wanted a extra able tank than the Chieftain to fit their climatic and geographical stipulations. notwithstanding, as soon as the revolution happened in 1979 the British military used to be reluctantly pressured to just accept this new layout themselves. as soon as in provider there have been technical difficulties leading to a variety of changes. although, the Challenger could cross directly to nice luck within the Gulf battle, taking part in an important roles in either wasteland hurricane and wasteland Sabre operations. during this booklet, Simon Dunstan examines this tank intimately, comparing its functionality either at the try out variety and within the box of battle.
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Extra resources for Challenger Main Battle Tank 1982-97 (New Vanguard, Volume 23)
In the case of the British infantry, many of them had to wear their gas masks for eight hours on end, and the gunners were in even worse plight; but these appliances, which will no doubt find a place in the museums of our children, were of a surprising efficiency, and hampered the experienced soldier far less than would have been thought. The infantry advance was at 9:45, the Germans swarming in under the cover of Nature's smoke barrage, for here, as in several other parts of the line, a thick morning mist greatly helped the attack and screened the stormers until they were actually up to the wire, which had usually been shattered in advance by the trench-mortars.
On their north were two brigades of the Forty-seventh, the remaining brigade being south of Le Transloy. North of the Fortyseventh Division the Sixty-third Naval Division and the Second Division carried the line on to the junction with the Fourth Corps, where the exhausted Nineteenth Division lay across the Cambrai road, with the even more shattered Fifty-first Division at Riencourt to the north of them. There was some very furious fighting in front of Rocquigny about mid-day, in which the 12th Manchesters of the Seventeenth Division, and the three battalions (18th, 19th, 20th London) of the 141st Brigade made a very desperate resistance.
Five German divisions, the 111th, 2nd Guards Reserve, 239th and 16th Bavarians, and 1st Guards Reserve, had been wholly or partially engaged with the Thirty-first. Both sides had lost heavily and were exhausted. It was here, near Ervillers, that a German war correspondent has described how he saw the long line of German and British wounded lying upon either side of the main road. It has been stated that the Thirty-second Division carried Ayette after this unit had relieved the Thirty-first Division, and the operation may be treated here to preserve continuity of narrative.
Challenger Main Battle Tank 1982-97 (New Vanguard, Volume 23) by Simon Dunstan