By Bradley K. Hawkins
Buddhism is a concise and readable survey of the background of Buddhism from its roots in India to its unfold throughout South and East Asia and its state-of-the-art manifestation in Europe and the United States. Focusing really at the smooth interval, it offers a necessary advent to the various paths of Buddhism—the ideals and practices—and appears to be like on the ways that this faith is assembly the demanding situations of the fashionable global. Written in an available and informative sort, and assuming very little earlier wisdom at the a part of the reader, this ebook offers a easy advent to the faith—its background, ideals, and practices. presents worthwhile pedagogy, together with: timeline; maps; word list; record of sacred days/festivals; steered examining; pronunciation consultant; index; function packing containers concentrating on a few points of the humanities; eleven black and white photographs and artistic endeavors. Readers attracted to studying extra concerning the world's religions.
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Extra info for Buddhism (Religions of the World)
By the time of the Buddha in c. , some of these rituals could extend over as much as a year and require a staggering outlay of wealth and the employment of a large number of priests. This had two effects on the development of Brahmanism, the term used for the later phase of Vedic religion. First, it meant that the poorer and less powerful members of Aryan society were excluded from many of the more elaborate rituals of their religion. They simply could not afford to perform the complex and expensive rituals.
Earliest indications that we have for the emergence of a distinct Mahayana tradition date from c. E. Three concepts came to dominate this emerging school of thought. The first of these was the idea of sunyata. Sunyata means emptiness and it was the logical development of the earlier Buddhist concept that the human being did not possess an enduring soul and that all things were conditioned by preexisting conditions (pratitya-samutpada). The Mahayanist philosophers took this one step further. E. This is the most remarkable surviving example of the 84,000 Buddhist burial mounds reputedly erected by the emperor Asoka.
Despite support from the early T’ang emperors, the later rulers of this dynasty turned 56 ö Buddhism against Buddhism. There were a number of reasons for this. One was that the T’ang emperors believed they were descended from Lao Tzu, the founder of Taoism, and consequently they increasingly came to favor the Taoists. Another reason was that many people who joined the Buddhist monastic orders were not motivated by sincere religious faith. Rather, they desired the numerous material benefits that such membership conferred and, still living a worldly life, brought disrepute on the very religion that they had promised to uphold.
Buddhism (Religions of the World) by Bradley K. Hawkins