By Angus Konstam
The release of HMS Dreadnought in 1906 replaced the face of naval conflict. This progressive new battleship used to be in a league of her personal, in a position to taking over any "pre-dreadnought" battleships in a instantly struggle. A naval hands race among Britain and Germany, as either international locations hurriedly outfitted a fleet of those strong new warships. This race led inexorably to the outbreak of an international conflict. in the course of international conflict I those dreadnoughts shaped the spine of the British Grand Fleet. In might 1916, those battleships positioned to sea to intercept their opposite numbers within the German excessive Seas fleet. the outcome used to be the conflict of Jutland, a bruising high-stakes stumble upon the place the layout and building of Britain's innovative new battleships used to be positioned to the attempt. the 1st half-dozen dreadnoughts have been all advancements of the elemental Dreadnought layout, all wearing ten 12-inch weapons. It was once purely in 1911, with the release of HMS Neptune that the structure of this strong armament used to be altered due to useful event. extra models of the Neptune entered provider later that very same yr. those 9 better dreadnoughts shaped the center of the British excessive Seas Fleet. they'd quickly, even if, be outclassed via a brand new breed of "super dreadnoughts", the topic of the second one quantity during this two-part tale. whereas those new battleships carried better 13.5-inch weapons, they proved much less winning as all-round battleships than their extra lightly-armed predecessors. Naval architects have been slowly studying that with sleek battleships, layout concerned a compromise among firepower, defense and pace. One final 12-inch gun dreadnought entered provider in 1914, whilst a seven turret battleship being equipped for the Turks was once commandeered through the Royal military, and re-named HMS Agincourt. This New leading edge name, the 1st of 2 protecting those well-known warships will discover the total tale of the British battleships of global conflict I. The ebook will examine their progressive layout, the 12-inch weapons that supplied them with their firepower, and how those weapons have been fired in anger.
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Additional info for British Battleships 1914-18 (1): The Early Dreadnoughts (New Vanguard, Volume 200)
Warrior to Dreadnought: Warship Design and Development, 1860–1905, Seaforth Publishing (Barnsley, 2010) Burt, R. ), Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships, 1906–1921, Conway Maritime Press (London, 1985) Gardiner, Robert, The Eclipse of the Big Gun: The Warship 1906–45, Conway Maritime Press History of the Ship Series (London, 1992) Hodges, Peter, The Big Gun: Battleship Main Armament, 1860–1945, Conway Maritime Press (London, 1981) Howarth, David, The Dreadnoughts, Time-Life Books (Alexandria, VA, 1980) Le Fleming, H.
They were constructed using wire-wrapped nickel-steel tubes with an outer jacket. They used a new form of breech mechanism that could be operated either manually or hydraulically, and this mechanism proved so successful that it was repeated in later dreadnoughts. It was claimed that a rate of fire of 1½ rounds per minute could be attained – one round every 40 seconds – but in practice a rate of one round per minute was more likely, if full anti-flash procedures were being implemented in the magazine, handling and loading areas, as well as in the gun house.
This form of fire control involved an elaborate and integrated system of spotters, rangefinders, electro-mechanical calculating machines, timekeepers, internal ship commu communications, guns and directors. It also relied on new deve developments, such as the hydraulic engines that enabled gun tu turrets to be trained round, and the guns held in position, ttrained towards the enemy. Director Firing relied on all these components working together to produce the information the gunners needed to aim their guns and repeatedly hit the enemy ship.
British Battleships 1914-18 (1): The Early Dreadnoughts (New Vanguard, Volume 200) by Angus Konstam