By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products
Petroleum-based commercial items have steadily changed items derived from organic fabrics. in spite of the fact that, biologically dependent items are creating a comeback--because of a threefold bring up in farm productiveness and new technologies.
Biobased business Products envisions a biobased business destiny, the place starch can be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils becomes a regimen part in lubricants and detergents.
Biobased commercial Products overviews the U.S. land assets on hand for agricultural creation, summarizes plant fabrics at the moment produced, and describes customers for expanding forms and yields.
The committee discusses the concept that of the biorefinery and descriptions confirmed and power thermal, mechanical, and chemical applied sciences for conversion of typical assets to commercial applications.
The committee additionally illustrates the developmental dynamics of biobased items via current examples, in addition to items nonetheless at the strategy planning stage, and it identifies priorities for examine and development.
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Extra info for Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization Priorities
Because biobased fuels, such as alcohol, are derived from renewable (plant) sources (see Box 1-1), they do not add to the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere, unlike fuels derived from fossil sources (oil, natural gas, coal). When plants are harvested and converted to a biobased fuel, which then is burned, the carbon of the fuel will go into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. But new plants will now grow and through photosynthesis remove essentially the same amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Html 28 BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS percent of all crops harvested in 1996. Current use of commodity crops for industrial uses is low. Coproduction of grain crops such as corn for both food and ethanol fuels will help reduce any future conflicts inherent in allocating renewable resources to two important human needs: food and fuel. The United States has long been the world’s largest producer of coarse grains. Recent data indicate that domestic grain production makes up approximately 67 percent of the world’s grain supply (USDA, 1997a).
Satisfying the raw material needs of expanding biobased industries will require crops with the following characteristics: contain biomolecules and biochemical systems with potential industrial applications; can be manipulated to produce desirable molecules; can sustain a high level of predictable raw material production; and are supported by an infrastructure for biomass harvesting, transfer, storage, and industrial processing. Current Resources Renewable resources have been used for a wide variety of industrial purposes.
Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization Priorities by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products