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Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization - download pdf or read online

By Olof Hallonsten

ISBN-10: 3319327372

ISBN-13: 9783319327372

ISBN-10: 3319327380

ISBN-13: 9783319327389

This publication analyses the emergence of a reworked titanic technological know-how in Europe and the us, utilizing either historic and sociological views. It indicates how technology-intensive typical sciences grew to a well-known place in Western societies in the course of the post-World warfare II period, and the way their improvement cohered with either technological and social advancements. on the helm of post-war technology are large-scale tasks, basically in physics, which obtain huge money from the general public purse. 

Big technology Transformed indicates how those tasks, popularly referred to as 'Big Science', became symbols of development. It analyses adjustments to the political and sociological frameworks surrounding publicly-funding technology, and their effect on a couple of new accelerator and reactor-based amenities that experience come to prominence in fabrics technology and the existence sciences. Interdisciplinary in scope, this e-book could be of serious curiosity to historians, sociologists and philosophers of science.

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Extra resources for Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States

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G. Readings 1996; Hellström 2011; Münch 2007), hence the use of quotation marks. 1 Introduction and Framework 39 “network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, and diffuse new technologies” (Freeman 1987: 1). Today, after several decades of theorizing, it stands for a rather useful inclusive view on the organizations, institutions, and processes in society that are engaged in knowledge production and dissemination. g. Lundvall 1992).

Most importantly, though, the coherent whole forwards an argument and publishes insights that are new and innovative. 40 Big Science Transformed In line with what was established above about the necessity of carefully choosing analytical tools from a rich theoretical toolbox, it is important to underscore here that the seeming asymmetry in the treatment of cases and material throughout the book (most obvious in this regard is perhaps the focus on the United States in Chap. 4) is not the result of carelessness or negligence of methodological considerations but a deliberate choice.

Merton’s aforementioned conceptualization of science as an institution is a telling example because behind it lies the identification of the persistence and resilience of the institution of science as instrumental to the progress of scientific knowledge production, which is intrinsically about change (cf. the Kuhnian “essential tension” discussed in the first paragraphs of this chapter). It can well be argued that the established routines of organizations and institutions with generic purposes of, for example, governing a country, or distributing money from the public purse to priority areas, or keeping a balance of different regional interests in political decisionmaking, becomes all the more important vis-à-vis the power of the logic of efficiency or purposefulness when science is at the heart of the process.

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Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States by Olof Hallonsten


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