By Keith G. Walker
This ebook provides for the 1st time a historical past of Eretria through the Archaic period, the city's so much awesome interval of political value and Keith Walker examines all of the significant components of the city's success.
One of the major elements explored is Eretria's function as a pioneer coloniser in either the Levant and the West - its early Aegaen 'island empire' anticipates that of Athens by means of greater than a century, and Eretrian transport and exchange used to be equally widespread.
Eretria's significant, certainly dominant, function within the occasions of significant Greece within the final 1/2 the 6th century, and within the occasions of the Ionian riot to 490 is obviously confirmed, and the tyranny of Diagoras (c.538-509), possibly the golden age of the town, is absolutely examined.
Full documentation of literary, epigraphic and archaeological resources (most of which has formerly been inaccessible to an English speaking-audience) is supplied, making a attention-grabbing background and beneficial source for the Greek historian.
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Extra info for Archaic Eretria: A Political and Social History from the Earliest Times to 490 BC
II, 695–7. Zimmern, The Greek Commonwealth, Oxford, 1915, 30. 22 An expression attributed to Philip V of Macedonia: Plb. 18, 11, 5; Liv. 32, 37, 4. Picard, Chalcis et la Conféderation eubéenne (IV-I siècle), Paris, 1979, 212–18. See also Gehrke 1992, 98–117. For Prasiai on the Euboian Gulf coast of Attica as the principal port for the export of grain in the first half of the sixth century: A. French, ‘The party of Peisistratos’, G&R 6 1959, 46–57. See below, Ch. 6, pp. 185–7. 24 On the Petaliai Islands: see below, Chs 4, pp.
On the other hand, the strong association of the Kouretes with farming and crafts as well as their militaristic character belongs to a later age. ) by the Abantes. The pre-Hellenes in Euboia spoke a language (or languages), the only surviving traces of which are a number of toponyms and a few other names ending in -ssos and -nthos,84 and perhaps those ending in -ai and -stos, together with a few with the medial -op(s)-. The first group has long been regarded as pre-Hellenic. 86 Narkissos the plant hero is intimately linked to Eretria.
St. ) preserve a tradition that the Kouretes came to Khalkis from Crete, where they had been mythical priests and worshippers of Zeus, who was born there on Mt Dikte. ’5 In mythology, Zeus, as a kouros (boy-child), was entrusted to the care of the Kouretes by Rhea, to be protected from his cannibalistic father Kronos and thus they became the first kourotrophoi (child nurturers). 6 It is usually with Zeus and Artemis that the Kouretes in their kourotrophic guise are associated. Indeed, in a hymnos kletikos (hymn sung to bid a god come to a ritual place) from an inscription found at Palaiokastro in eastern Crete, Zeus is repeatedly called Megiste Koure (Greatest Youth) and the Kouretes are alluded to in it.
Archaic Eretria: A Political and Social History from the Earliest Times to 490 BC by Keith G. Walker