By Osama Abi-Mershed
Among 1830 and 1870, French military officials serving within the colonial workplaces of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the process political decision-making in Algeria. Guided through the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian institution of their improvement and implementation of colonial coverage, the officials articulated a brand new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and eu populations of Algeria. Apostles of Modernity indicates the evolution of this civilizing project in Algeria, and illustrates how those forty years have been decisive in shaping the critical ideological tenets in French colonization of the region.This publication deals a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial heritage. It unearths not just what the increase of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite center Easterners and North Africans, but in addition what dynamics have been occupied with the imposition or neighborhood adoptions of eu cultural norms and the way the colonial come across impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
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Additional resources for Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria
5 His overhaul of military and educational establishments had empowered France’s renewed quest for empire at the turn of the century, and it was under his generalship that the universal ideals of 1789 were mobilized beyond the borders of the nation. 6 French arms became virtuous, if not messianic, in their commitment to forge a higher political and moral order for humanity. The fi rst territorial acquisitions of the Revolution were thus integrated as “sister republics,” and their societies improved in the likeness of France.
36 In the 1830s, colonial officials headed to Algiers to resume the “crusade against Oriental futility” and spearhead the dissemination of France’s cultural and intellectual standards to Arabs and Kabyles. ”37 However, France’s administrators and policy makers were soon confronted with the contradiction in seeking to assimilate a colonial polity grounded in and rationalized by the affi rmation of linguistic, racial, and religious exceptions. The escalation of the conflict with Emir Abd al-Qadir after 1839 would provide the occasion for the officers of Arab affairs to condemn the impractical assumptions of faraway ministers and politicians.
However, Enfantin’s public denunciations of the nation’s antiquated institutions Never the Twain Shall Meet? 27 and mores incurred civic outcry and legal injunctions against his group. The Supreme Father and his followers then set their utopian sights upon more welcoming lands, namely Egypt and the Ottoman Empire. 40 The introduction of Saint-Simon to the inner ranks of the École Polytechnique resulted from his personal association with two of the school’s founding fathers: the chemist Antoine de Fourcroy (1755–1809) and the mathematician Gaspard Monge (1746–1818), the latter a veteran of the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt and former director of the Institut d’Égypte.
Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria by Osama Abi-Mershed