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Read e-book online Anti-Judaism and Christian Orthodoxy: Ephrem's Hymns in PDF

By Christine Shepardson

ISBN-10: 0813215366

ISBN-13: 9780813215365

The politically embroiled and sharply divided Council of Nicaea (325) supplied a turbulent starting to Christianity's fight for self-definition within the political enviornment. Questions of final fact apart, those that might legally declare the name of Christian orthodoxy have been these whose teachings had the backing of the emperor's felony and army authority. regardless of the concrete judgements of 325 and the ecumenical council's try and create an imperial orthodoxy, the many years that witnessed ongoing battles among these Christians who supported the council's consequence and people who didn't. This publication investigates the advanced anti-Jewish and anti-Judaizing rhetoric of Ephrem, a fourth-century poet, deacon, and theologian from jap Roman Syria whose Syriac-language writings stay strange and linguistically inaccessible to centuries of students who learn the well known Greek and Latin writings of his contemporaries. A serious interpreting of Ephrem's a variety of poetic writings demonstrates that his sharp anti-Jewish and anti-Judaizing language helped to solidify a pro-Nicene definition of Christian orthodoxy, removing from that group within the very act of defining it his so-called Judaizing and Arian Christian competitors, either one of whom he accused of being extra like Jews than Christians. via conscientiously crafted rhetoric, Ephrem developed for his viewers new social and theological parameters that reshaped the non secular panorama of his group. This ebook exhibits that the anti-Jewish polemic of Ephrem's hymns represents his calculated efforts to depart his Syrian congregation with out doable replacement yet to comply to the Council of Nicaea, his personal version for Christian orthodoxy.Comparing Ephrem's texts with the modern Greek writings of Athanasius, the well known bishop of Alexandria, Christine Shepardson finds the numerous position that anti-Jewish rhetoric performed extra widely during this serious fourth-century theological clash, and demonstrates that long-ignored Syriac-speaking Christians comparable to Ephrem participated totally within the fierce fight to outline Christian orthodoxy for the Roman Empire.

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Extra info for Anti-Judaism and Christian Orthodoxy: Ephrem's Hymns in Fourth-century Syria (Patristic Monograph Series 20)

Sample text

52 By 166 C E , after ongoing power struggles between the Ro­ mans and Parthians for control of the city, the local ruler became officially tied to the R o m a n emperor through a treaty. 13/14 w h e n Caracalla deposed k i n g Abgar I X and declared Edessa a R o m a n colo5 nia. * Although nominal kings continued in Edessa, by sometime in the 240s the Edessene monarchy had completely ended and the city remained under Roman control. 55 Shifting between Parthian and R o m a n leaders, while main­ taining a local kingship, Edessa had a complex history as a multilingual cen­ ter of cultural exchange that continued long after the end of the kingship.

For the date of the Teaching of Addai, see Sebastian Brock, "Eusebius and Syri­ ac Christianity," in Eusebius, Christianity, and Judaism, eds. : Wayne State University, 1991), 212-34. Also relevant is the story of the conversion to Judaism of Queen Helena of Adiabene and her son Izates. 2-4. Compare also Neusner, History I, 58-64. 10; Tosefta Peah 4; Pal. Talmud Peah 1, 1; and Bab. Talmud Baba Bathra na. D. , Duke University, 2003). 63. For a discussion of Ephrem's relation to Greek language and culture, see chapter 2.

For the date of the Teaching of Addai, see Sebastian Brock, "Eusebius and Syri­ ac Christianity," in Eusebius, Christianity, and Judaism, eds. : Wayne State University, 1991), 212-34. Also relevant is the story of the conversion to Judaism of Queen Helena of Adiabene and her son Izates. 2-4. Compare also Neusner, History I, 58-64. 10; Tosefta Peah 4; Pal. Talmud Peah 1, 1; and Bab. Talmud Baba Bathra na. D. , Duke University, 2003). 63. For a discussion of Ephrem's relation to Greek language and culture, see chapter 2.

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Anti-Judaism and Christian Orthodoxy: Ephrem's Hymns in Fourth-century Syria (Patristic Monograph Series 20) by Christine Shepardson


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