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Download PDF by John Krige: American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science

By John Krige

ISBN-10: 0262112973

ISBN-13: 9780262112970

In 1945, the USA used to be not just the most powerful fiscal and army strength on this planet; it used to be additionally the world's chief in technology and expertise. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of technology in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures within the usa to version postwar clinical practices and associations in Western Europe on these in the US. They mobilized political and monetary help to advertise not only America's medical and technological agendas in Western Europe yet its chilly struggle political and ideological agendas as well.Drawing at the paintings of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this test at medical dominance through the usa may be obvious as a sort of "consensual hegemony," concerning the collaboration of influential neighborhood elites who shared American values. He makes use of this concept to research a chain of case reports that describe how the united states management, senior officials within the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO technological know-how Committee, and influential individuals of the medical establishment--notably Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia college and Vannevar Bush of MIT--tried to Americanize clinical practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations learn. He info U.S. aid for associations together with CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif close to Paris, and the never-established "European MIT." Krige's learn indicates how consensual hegemony in technological know-how not just served the pursuits of postwar eu reconstruction yet turned differently of conserving American management and "making the area secure for democracy."

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Get American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science PDF

In 1945, the USA used to be not just the most powerful financial and army energy on the planet; it was once additionally the world's chief in technological know-how and expertise. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of technological know-how in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures within the usa to version postwar clinical practices and associations in Western Europe on these in the USA.

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Extra info for American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe

Sample text

Was a Communist assault in a divided Korea not simply a prelude to an invasion in a divided Germany? 48 What had been merely a treaty now became on organization. Thanks to the Korean War, the O was put in NATO and fears of German rearmament were pushed aside by the need to strengthen Western Europe’s defensive capabilities and to consolidate the Atlantic alliance. Attempts to integrate Germany completely into a European framework persisted, driven by the deep-seated fear that it was an unreliable ally.

By early 1947 American planners were convinced that a radical shift in German policy was required. Levels of industry agreed on between the Allies in March 1946 were crippling the economic recovery of the country, whose overall industrial production had only reached 24 percent of its 1938 level. Coal production was far too small to satisfy Germany’s needs, let alone the recovery needs of other countries, notably France. Steel quotas were intolerably low. Germany could not export enough soft goods to pay for its required imports.

Whenever real consumption climbed into the ring, chances were high that real socialism had to be counted out. . The great majority of European women and men, the defeated as well as the victors, wanted nothing more than to go on with their lives . . 37 They wanted to share in the American dream. 28 Chapter 2 The Brussels Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Within days of the Prague coup, Britain and France, along with the three Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) signed a defense agreement in Brussels.

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American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe by John Krige


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