By Chambi Chachage, Annar Cassam
Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the 1st president of Tanzania, was once a Pan-Africanist and an internationalist, and this ebook contains contributions from major commentators—those who labored and fought imperialism along Nyerere, individuals of a more youthful iteration, and Nyerere in his personal phrases. The writings give some thought to Nyerere and liberation, the Commonwealth, management, monetary improvement, land, human rights, and schooling. exceptionally, they seem to be a testomony to the transforming into acceptance of the necessity to re-ignite the fires of African socialism to which Nyerere used to be deeply dedicated.
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Additional info for Africa's liberation: the legacy of Nyerere
What Mwalimu Nyerere succeeded in doing was to put socialism on the national agenda. One cannot therefore agree with Ali Mazrui and many others who say that socialism was a ‘heroic failure’ in Tanzania. The Wall Street Journal declared: He fused Tanzania’s 120 tribes into a cohesive state, preventing tribal conflicts plaguing so much of Africa … Above all, he proved that it is possible to forge a nation whereby vicissitudes of ethnic affiliation are banished from social and political life. He created and promoted a powerful lingua franca, Swahili, which united and educated people.
Makerere was at that time the highest institution of learning in East Africa, and constituted an important period for Mwalimu Nyerere in formulating the objectives and principles that guided him later on in his life. After he left Makerere, he stated: While I was at Makerere I understood that my Government was spending annually something in the neighbourhood of 80 pounds on my behalf. But that did not mean very much to me: after all, 80 pounds is only a minute fraction of the total amount which is collected every year from the African tax-payers.
Now we want a revolution – a revolution which brings to an end our weakness, so that we are never exploited, oppressed, or humiliated’ (Nyerere 1968, p. 235). References Banton, Michael (1977) The Idea of Race, London, Tavistock Publications Hill, Christopher (1978) The World Turned Upside Down, Aylesbury, Penguin Nyerere, Julius K. (1968) Freedom and Socialism, Nairobi, Oxford University Press Nyerere, Julius K. (1974) Man and Development, Nairobi, Oxford University Press Smith, William E. (1973) Nyerere of Tanzania, Nairobi, TransAfrica Publishers 27 Africa’s Liberation Mwalimu Julius Nyerere: an intellectual in power Haroub Othman This is the text of the first Mwalimu Nyerere Memorial Lecture which was delivered by Haroub Othman on 14 October 2005 at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Africa's liberation: the legacy of Nyerere by Chambi Chachage, Annar Cassam