By Jan van Kuppevelt, Laila Dybkjær, Niels Ole Bernsen
References seventy four half II Annotation and research of Multimodal info: Speech and Gesture four shape seventy nine Craig H. Martell 1. advent seventy nine 2. constitution of shape eighty three. Annotation Graphs eighty five four. Annotation instance 86 five. initial Inter-Annotator contract effects 88 6. end: functions to HLT and HCI? ninety Appendix: different instruments, Schemes and techniques of Gesture research ninety one References ninety five five ninety seven at the Relationships between Speech, Gestures, and item Manipulation in digital Environments: preliminary proof Andrea Corradini and Philip R. Cohen 1. advent ninety seven 2. research ninety nine three. facts research one zero one four. effects 103 five. dialogue 106 6. comparable paintings 106 7. destiny paintings 108 eight. Conclusions 108 Appendix: Questionnaire MYST III - EXILE one hundred ten References 111 6 113 Analysing Multimodal conversation Patrick G. T. Healey, Marcus Colman and Mike Thirlwell 1. advent 113 2. Breakdown and service 117 three. Analysing Communicative Co-ordination a hundred twenty five four. dialogue 126 References 127 7 131 Do Oral Messages support visible seek? Noëlle Carbonell and Suzanne Kieffer 1. Context and Motivation 131 2. method and Experimental Set-Up 134 three. effects: Presentation and dialogue 141 four. end 153 References 154 Contents vii eight 159 Geometric and Statistical techniques to Audiovisual Segmentation Trevor Darrell, John W. Fisher III, Kevin W. Wilson, and Michael R. Siracusa 1. creation 159 2. comparable paintings one hundred sixty three. Multimodal Multisensor area 162 four. effects 166 five. unmarried Multimodal Sensor area 167 6.
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Additional info for Advances in Natural Multimodal Dialogue Systems
In future experiments we may ask more directly whether the subject perceived the realtor to be asking a fair price. Perception of fairness of a price may be more linked to trust than is actual price demanded for a property. 3 Gender effects. 05) in the embodied condition than when interacting with her over the phone, while men felt that she was more efﬁcient and reliable by phone. Of course, REA has a female body and a female voice and so in order to have a clearer picture of the meaning of these results, a similar study would need to be carried out with a male realtor.
Most of these evaluations have tried to address whether embodiment of a system is useful at all, by including or not including an animated ﬁgure. In their survey of user studies on embodied agents, Dehn and van Mulken conclude that there is no “persona effect”, that is a general advantage of an interface with an animated agent over one without an animated agent [Dehn and van Mulken, 2000]. However, they believe that lack of evidence and inconsistencies in the studies performed to date may be attributable to methodological shortcomings and variations in the kinds of animations used, the kinds of comparisons made (control conditions), the speciﬁc measures used for the dependent variables, and the task and context of the interaction.
Although several studies found increases in favourable impressions of interactants in face-to-face conversation relative to audio-only, these effects have not been consistently validated. 4 Advances in Natural Multimodal Dialogue Systems Trait-Based Variation in User Responses Several studies have shown that users react differently to social agents based on their own personality and other dispositional traits. For example, Reeves and Nass have shown that users like agents that match their own personality (on the introversion/ extraversion dimension) more than those which do not, regardless of whether the personality is portrayed through text or speech [Nass and Gong, 2000; Reeves and Nass, 1996].
Advances in Natural Multimodal Dialogue Systems by Jan van Kuppevelt, Laila Dybkjær, Niels Ole Bernsen