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A source book in physics - download pdf or read online

By Magie W.F.

ISBN-10: 1124034145

ISBN-13: 9781124034140

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The Copernican issue is a case in point. It is striking that the vilification of both Scheiner and Riccioli in the aftermath of the Galileo affair did not prevent either the Rosa Ursina or the Almagestum Novum from acquiring influential status among astronomers, in both Catholic and Protestant lands, despite their authors’ non-Copernican cosmology. Indeed, it was possible to discuss much of the subject matter of astronomy without addressing cosmology at all. But when the need arose, Jesuit practitioners increasingly opted for careful presentation of the various world systems, invariably insinuating their preference by the way they declared their allegiance to geocentrism.

The Iberian philosophers and theologians, in particular, produced an immense scholarly edifice that not only alarmed Protestants but also provoked bitter and protracted disputes with the Dominicans, and it was in no small part in response to Jesuits: Savants 19 such controversies that General Acquaviva attempted to rein in both “novelties” and the literary production of Jesuits. In 1611 he issued an ordinance that attributed the failure of the Society to achieve its goals, despite great efforts, to an eschewing of uniformity and solidity of doctrine in Jesuit writings.

62 Riccioli’s protégé Francesco Maria Grimaldi took equal pride in his remarkable optical discoveries. ” Yet, Grimaldi continued, audacity could not be imputed to such a careful experimenter and observer. Rather, his search for truth forced nature to unveil certain of its secrets, compelling other practitioners to revise long-established opinions. However, getting the work published called for extraordinary measures. The censorship of Grimaldi’s magnum opus, as Baldini demonstrated, focused entirely on the first volume, and it is almost certain that the second was composed hastily in the last eight months of the author’s life (March–December 1662)—after the censors submitted their judgment—so that the formal structure of the second volume, with its modified scientific content, would enhance the far more controversial first volume’s chances for publication.

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A source book in physics by Magie W.F.


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