By Rigomar Rieger
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Extra info for A Glossary of Genetics and Cytogenetics: Classical and Molecular
Cell division lag (Ryan 1954) - delayed manifestation of induced -'>- mutations which may occur after heavy doses of some -+ mutagens and is the result of the delayed onset of renewed division (-'>- mutational lag, phenotypic lag). cell envelope - the sum of all surface components of the cell that are located outside the cytoplasmic membrane. cell generation time - the interval between consecutive divisions of a cell. cell hybridization - the formation of viable hybrid cells by growing -'>- cell lines together in culture.
Mathematically adjusted so that populations with varying ~ sex ratios, degrees of ~ inbreeding etc. may be compared. Ne is equivalent to N only in an "ideal population" of large size, with equal numbers of the two sexes, with random ~ mating and random fusion of the gametes. Normally the effective b. s. is smaller than the b. , since uneven sex ratios, inbreeding, cyclic changes of b. s. as well as non-random sampling of the gametes all reduce the effective b. s. breeding system - a term used to cover all those variables apart from ~ mutation which affect the genetic relations of the gametes that fuse in sexual ~ reproduction.
Autoreduplication - applies to biological systems (organisms, cells or subcellular units such as chromosomes, plastids, viruses or genes) which generate the template for their own reproduction and duplicate. themselves or produce mutant systems which are autoreduplicative in the same manner (syn. autoduplication, autoreproduction, identical reduplication). According to the present state of knowledge, the basis of a. are the nucleic acids as carriers of -+ genetic information. autosegregation (Gustafssan 1935) - the occurrence of changes in the chromosome complement during the formation of the egg cell by plants with gametophytic -+ apomixis.
A Glossary of Genetics and Cytogenetics: Classical and Molecular by Rigomar Rieger